SKY-CITIES: KARFI Walk through the last paths of the Minoan and the Mycenaean civilization in Lassithi Plateau

Discover how hospitable and enchanting the wild lanscape of the high mountains can be, by exploring the sky-city of Karphi, as well as the ancient settlements in Mikri Koprana and Megali Koprana and other sites dating around 1200 BC. Why did people settle on the mountain edges? How does it feel to be an islander that sees the sea from the highlands?
Our experienced archaeologist will guide you in the last paths of the Minoan and the Mycenaean civilization in a lovely trek though a beautiful ancient path on Lassithi mountains. The trip includes a Cretan picnic in nature.



After the decline of the Minoan and Mycenaean civilization on Crete, the island has experienced dramatic upheavals, during the centuries of turning from the 2nd to the 1st millennium BC. The disorganization of the “palatial system” and the advent of new populations on the island, led many people to seek refuge in the mountains, organizing new defense settlements in the most inaccessible rocky areas. These edge mountain villages are some of the most impressive residential cases in the history of Crete. They represent the dynamics of the Cretan landscape even in such inhospitable and remote places, while at the same time they show an unexpected lifeline offered by the high Cretan mountains.

The travelers of PETASSOS, through the series “SKY – SITIES” will have the opportunity to visit a number of these defensive mountain settlements that marked the history of the island. The settlement of Karphi (means the “Nail” for the form of the distinguished limestone rock) of Lassithi mountains is the most typical case: It is the first settlement of that kind which has been excavated systematically and to such an extent. In their daily lives, the highlanders of the Cretan “Nail” (Karfi) had been viewing a Crete almost unknown to other islanders...

Trek: Easy, 2-3 hours, in an easy rocky terrain.

The price includes:

  • Experienced archaeologist or mountain guide
  • Personal accident insurance, powed by Lloyd's Insurance company
  • First Aid kit
  • Walking poles (on request, depending on availability)
  • Light lunch in nature
  • Water (1 lt)
  • Third Party Liability
  • Taxes

The price does not include:

  • Transport from/to your accommodation (upon request)
  • Beverages and drinks
  • Personal expenses & tips
  • Anything not mentioned above



* This trip is a private excursion.
* Children can participate from the age of 10, given they have a relative trekking experience.
* Necessary personal equipment: Sunscreen oil, Hat, Sunglasses │ Trekking or walking shoes │ Small rucksack with your personal items
* (!) Please inform us of any dietary needs/particularities you might have (allergies, intolerances) or other health issues we have to take into consideration.
Click to enlarge map
Duration: Up to 5 hours
Dates: From March to November
Note: With at least 3 days’ notice
Location: Lassithi mountans, Plateau of Lassithi
Difficulty: Easy / 1B
Languages: English, French
Note: For more languages, it is possible to have an interpeter, with a supplement.
Cost: Upon request


Evaneos Tripconnextion Responsible Travel Guide Your Trip The Natural Adventure Company Le petit Fute